Ukraine: Types of Higher Education Institutions

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Higher education is provided at universities, academies and institutes, technical schools, colleges, conservatories (i.e. musical academies). All of these institutions offer both professionally-oriented and academic programmes. The Ukrainian Law on Higher Education (2002) describes four levels of accreditation for higher education institutions:

  1. Higher education institutions of the first accreditation level award the qualification of Junior Specialist;
  2. Higher education institutions of the second accreditation level award the qualification of Junior Specialist and /or Bachelor;
  3. Higher education institutions of the third accreditation level award Bachelor's, Specialist and Master's qualifications;
  4. Higher education institutions of the fourth accreditation level award Junior Specialist, Bachelor's, Specialist and Master's qualifications. Some fourth-level institutions also offer aspirantura (Kandidat Nauk).

The accreditation level of a higher education institution is determined in part by the types of programmes offered. The III or IV level of accreditation dependend on the results of the accreditation procedure which is laid down in (Article 43 Decree of Ukraine ‘On Education’. Institutes may operate independently, but sometimes fall under the auspices of a university or academy. Conservatories often specialise in a single area, such as music or visual art.

Colleges fall under the second accreditation level, and provide higher vocational education programmes. They are sometimes part of a higher education institution with accreditation level 3 or 4. Institutions for technical or secondary vocational education with accreditation level 1 are called technikums or uchilishes. Like the colleges, they are sometimes part of a higher education institution with accreditation level 3 or 4. Ukraine currently has over 350 state-run higher education institutions. There are also many private institutions, where programmes in law, management and finance are strongly represented.