Ukraine: Degree structure

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Ukraine ratified the Lisbon Recognition Convention on 14 April 2000.

The following degrees are issued by universities and higher professional institutions:

  • short-term higher education: it is incomplete higher education - молодший спеціаліст/molodshyi spetsialist (Junior Specialist)
  • first cycle of higher education: бакалавр/bakalavr (Bachelor)
  • second cycle of higher education: спеціаліст/spetsialist (Specialist) and магістр/magistr (Master)
  • third cycle of higher education: Kандидат наук/kandydat nauk (Candidate of Science) and доктор наук/doktor nauk (Doctor of Science)

Study loads are usually not expressed in ECTS.

University curricula generally span 36 weeks a year, and the academic year begins on 1 September, normally lasting until June. Students typically have 27 hours of classtime each week. The academic year is usually made up of two semesters, each lasting 5 months.

Junior Specialist

  • Bologna cycle: -
  • Level in EQF: -
  • Credit range: -
  • Duration: The programme usually takes 2-4 years to complete.
  • General admission requirements:
    The standard admission requirement is the Atestat pro povnu zagalnu serednyu osvitu. Sometimes students are admitted who have a Svidotstvo pro bazovu zagal'nu serednyu osvitu. In practice, however, these students complete a much more intensive programme, as it also includes every subject from secondary education.
  • Description:
    According to the Law on Higher Education, the Junior Specialist diploma is regarded as incomplete higher education. Second and third accreditation level programmes with a professional focus are provided by a Tekhnikum and/or an Uchilishe, colleges. This accredited professional qualification is not part of the bachelor's-master's degree structure. In Ukraine, the Junior Specialist counts as a mid-level professional qualification. The qualification is issued for a range of fields, including paramedic professions, education, administration and technology. In principle, holders of a Junior Specialist diploma qualify for entry to relevant university bachelor’s programmes. Exemptions of 1-2 years may be granted if the higher education programme is comparable.
  • Additional explanation:-


Specialist

  • Bologna cycle: -
  • Level in EQF: -
  • Credit range: (60 ECTS credits)
  • Duration: University Specialist programmes vary in length from 1-1½ years. Programmes in medicine, veterinary or pharmacy have a duration of 4-5½ years. If the programme is preceded by bachelor's degree, it will only take 1-1½ years.
  • General admission requirements: -
  • Description: The final diploma provides a professional qualification, and the certificate itself specifies the particular field to which the qualification applies, for example Teacher of English. This diploma can be earned in any field of study. The specialisation is always stated on the diploma, to which is appended a list of subjects and a grade list. These programmes conclude with a state examination and / or a thesis defence. Specialist programmes span over 400 fairly in-depth technical and other specialisations. Traditional Specialist programmes concentrate on professional practice, but in principle also grant access to the initial phase of an academic PhD, or Kandidat Nauk.
  • Additional explanation:-

Bakalavr

  • Bologna cycle: -
  • Level in EQF: -
  • Credit range: (240 ECTS credits)
  • Duration: Bakalavr programmes have a nominal duration of 3-4 years (or 2-3 years on the basis of the Diploma of Junior Specialist)
  • General admission requirements: -
  • Description: Bakalavr programmes are, in theory, available in all fields of study. The initial years take a broad orientation, with particular emphasis on subjects such as social sciences, economics, history, a foreign language and natural sciences. In some cases students complete a short thesis (not required) or project towards the degree. Upon successful completion, students receive a state diploma with an appendix (dodatok) listing all subjects, hours, marks, practical training and marks awarded for the final examination and thesis or project. This certificate qualifies students to enter the labour market or go on to either a Specialist programme or an associated research-oriented Magistr programme. The bachelor's programme is offered by higher education institutions with accreditation level II, III and IV.
  • Additional explanation:-

Magistr

  • Bologna cycle: -
  • Level in EQF: -
  • Credit range: (60-90 ECTS credits)
  • Duration: Magistr programmes take off where Bakalavr programmes end, and have a nominal duration of 1-2 years, 1-3 years in medicine.
  • General admission requirements: Bakalavr. A Specialist diploma is also sufficient qualification for enrolment.
  • Description: Magistr programmes are by and large research-oriented. They conclude with a state examination and students’ defence of their thesis. The diploma is issued with an appendix (dodatok) listing all subjects, hours, grades, practical training, as well as the grades awarded for the final examination and thesis or project, and qualifies students to take doctoral entrance exams. Although the nominal duration of some Magistr programmes is 1 year longer, they confer the same rights as a Specialist programme. The Magistr is more research-oriented, however.
  • Additional explanation: Training specialists of the educational-proficiency level of Specialist or Master in such field of study as medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine, teaching is carried out on the basis of complete secondary education within the period of 5–6 years (301-360 ECTS credits).

Kandidat Nauk

  • Bologna cycle: -
  • Level in EQF: -
  • Credit range: -
  • Duration: -
  • General admission requirements: The prerequisite for admission to a Kandidat Nauk programme is a Specialist or Magistr diploma.
  • Description: There are two doctoral tracks in Ukraine: the Kandidat Nauk, literally 'Candidate of Science', and Doktor Nauk, or 'Doctor of Science'. The programme – or aspirantura – comprises lectures, seminars and research, takes three years to complete, and is concluded with the public defence of a dissertation. Dissertations deemed satisfactory by the dissertation council result in conferral of the Kandidat Nauk diploma.
  • Additional explanation:-


Doktor Nauk

  • Bologna cycle: -
  • Level in EQF: -
  • Credit range: -
  • Duration: -
  • General admission requirements: Admission is extremely selective and highly restricted. The Ukrainian Higher Attestation Commission decides on admission based on the level of advancement shown in the dissertation, which must resolve a fundamental scientific problem.
  • Description: Doktor Nauk is the highest possible academic title.The curriculum focuses entirely on research. The Doktor Nauk is a prerequisite for any professorial appointment. In cases where the research and dissertation for a Kandidat Nauk demonstrate outstanding quality, a Doktor Nauk diploma may be conferred directly after a Kandidat Nauk.
  • Additional explanation: In 2010 the Diploma of Doctor of Philosophy – PhD – for foreign students was introduced.

Degree structure chart

Ukraine degree structure.png