National component Spain
The Spanish legislation (Royal Decree 1393/2007, dated 29 October, and Royal Decree 861/2010 which amended the previous) establishes three stages in the introduction of official university degrees:
- Ex-ante accreditation: Once a university has decided to offer a degree before admitting students, the university must present a degree project for verification by the Universities Council which requests an assessment report from the Quality Assurance Agency in charge (ANECA or one of the regional Quality Assurance Agencies with such a competence). The project must also be authorized by the Regional Authorities who provide founding to the programme. Once this process has concluded, the degrees are included in the Register of Universities, Centres and Degrees (RUCT), which contains information concerning the Spanish University System and the degree is considered accredited.
- Follow-up procedure: to check, by non-intrusive means, that the institution is implementing the programme according to the approved design.
- Ex-post accreditation: to check that the degree has been carried out according with the initial project. This review includes a site visit to the institution.
The programme should clarify in which stage of the three above the programme is, according to the national process if any, when the international procedure of the joint-programme it taking place.
Estimated and achieved indicators
- Graduate rate: the percentage of students who complete the course in the time envisaged in the study programme (d) or take one year longer (d+1) in relation to their entrant cohort.
- Dropout Rate: the percentage relationship between the total number of students in a new entry cohort who should have obtained the Degree the previous year who neither registered in the current year nor the year before.
- Dropout Rate (only for one-year Master Degrees): percentage relationship between the total number of students in a new entry cohort that should have obtained their degrees the academic year before and who did not register in either that academic year nor the following one.
- Efficiency Rate: the percentage relationship between the total number of theoretical credits in the programme of studies that the group of students who graduated in a given academic year should have enrolled in throughout their studies and the total number of credits that they actually enrolled in.
- Performance Rate: the percentage relationship between the total number of ordinary credits by the students in a specific academic year and the total number of ordinary credits that they actually enrolled in.
The University can also provide information about other supplementary indicators that it believes relevant for the Degree.
There are no additional elements that need to be included in the assessment procedure.