Degree structure in Flanders

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The Dublin Descriptors as laid down in the Qualifications Framework of the European Higher Education Area have been incorporated in the legislation regulating higher education in Flanders.

A national qualifications framework encompassing all levels of education has been developed and is in use since 2011.

Bachelor's degree

Bachelor's programme (professional orientation)

  • Level in EHEA Qualifications Framework: first cycle
  • Level in EQF: level 6
  • Credit range: minimum 180 ECTS
  • Competence descriptors:
    • general competences such as the capacity for logical thought and reasoning, the ability to acquire and process information, the ability for critical reflection and project-based work, creativity, the ability to perform simple supervision tasks, the ability to communicate information, ideas, problems and solutions to both specialists as well as laymen, and a positive attitude towards life-long learning
    • general professional competences like the ability to work together as part of a team, a solution-oriented attitude in the sense of being able to define and analyse independently complex problematic situations in professional practice, and the ability to develop and apply effective strategies to solve them, and to develop a sense of social responsibility in connection with the professional practice
    • specific professional competences at the level of a newly-qualified professional
  • General admission requirements:
    • The general admission requirement is the Flemish secondary school-leaving diploma. If a foreign qualification is recognised on the basis of a Flemish decree, Belgian Law, a European Directive or an international convention, the holder will have direct access to Bachelor's programmes.
    • Admission may also be granted, after individual assessment of your foreign qualification(s), if it gives access to higher education in your country.
    • Higher education institutions may adopt special admission requirements allowing to admit persons who cannot meet the general admission requirement.

Bachelor's programme (academic orientation)

  • Level in EHEA Qualifications Framework: first cycle
  • Level in EQF: level 6
  • Credit range: minimum 180 ECTS
  • Competence descriptors:
    • general competences such as the capacity for logical thought and reasoning, the ability to acquire and process information, the capacity for critical reflection, creativity, being able to perform simple management tasks, the ability to communicate information, ideas, problems and solutions to both specialists as well as laymen and a positive attitude towards life-long learning
    • general academic competences such as a research attitude, knowledge of research methodologies and techniques and the ability to apply them adequately, the ability to collect the relevant data that can influence the formation of an opinion about social, scientific and ethical issues, appreciation of uncertainty, ambiguity and the limits of knowledge, and the ability to initiate problem-driven research
    • an understanding of basic academic, discipline-related knowledge inherent to a certain domain of the sciences or the arts, systematic understanding of the key elements of a discipline which includes acquiring coherent and detailed knowledge that is inspired partly by the most recent developments in the discipline, and an understanding of the structure of the specialisation and its inter-relatedness with other specialities
  • General admission requirements:
    • The general admission requirement is the Flemish secondary school-leaving diploma. If a foreign qualification is recognised on the basis of a Flemish decree, Belgian Law, a European Directive or an international convention, the holder will have direct access to Bachelor's programmes.
    • Admission may also be granted, after individual assessment of your foreign qualification(s), if it gives access to higher education in your country.
    • Higher education institutions may adopt special admission requirements allowing to admit persons who cannot meet the general admission requirement.

Bachelor of Advanced Studies (professional orientation)

  • Level in EHEA Qualifications Framework: first cycle
  • Level in EQF: level 6
  • Credit range: minimum 60 ECTS
  • Competence descriptors:
    • general competences such as the capacity for logical thought and reasoning, the ability to acquire and process information, the ability for critical reflection and project-based work, creativity, the ability to perform simple supervision tasks, the ability to communicate information, ideas, problems and solutions to both specialists as well as laymen, and a positive attitude towards life-long learning
    • general professional competences like the ability to work together as part of a team, a solution-oriented attitude in the sense of being able to define and analyse independently complex problematic situations in professional practice, and the ability to develop and apply effective strategies to solve them, and to develop a sense of social responsibility in connection with the professional practice
    • specific professional competences at the level of a newly-qualified professional
  • General admission requirements:
    • A bachelor’s degree, with a qualification or qualifications specified in more detail by the management of the institution, possibly supplemented with an assessment concerning the fitness or capacity of the individual, or with a preparatory programme.

Master's degree

Master's programme

  • Level in EHEA Qualifications Framework: second cycle
  • Level in EQF: level 7
  • Credit range: minimum 60 ECTS
  • Competence descriptors:
    • general competences at an advanced level such as the ability to reason and act in an academic manner, the ability to handle complex problems, the ability to reflect on one’s own thoughts and work, and the ability to convert this reflection into the development of more effective solutions, the ability to communicate one’s own research and solutions to professional colleagues and laymen, and the ability to develop an opinion in an uncertain context
    • general academic competences at an advanced level such as the ability to apply research methods and techniques, the ability to design research, the ability to apply paradigms in the domain of the sciences or the arts and the ability to indicate the limits of paradigms, originality and creativity regarding the continuously expanding body of knowledge and insight, and the ability to collaborate in a multi-disciplinary environment
    • advanced understanding and insight in scientific, discipline- specific knowledge inherent to a certain domain of the sciences or the arts, insight in the most recent knowledge in the subject/discipline or parts of it, the ability to follow and interpret the direction in which theory formation is developing, the ability to make an original contribution towards the body of knowledge of one or several parts of the subject/discipline, and display specific competences characteristic for the subject/discipline such as designing, researching, analysing and diagnosing
    • the competences needed for either independent research or the independent practice of the arts at the level of a newly-qualified researcher (in the arts), or the general and specific professional competences needed for independent application of academic or artistic knowledge at the level of a newly-qualified professional
  • General admission requirements:
    • A bachelor’s degree, with a qualification or qualifications specified in more detail by the management of the institution, possibly supplemented with an individualised curriculum, a preparatory programme or a bridging programme

Master of Advances Studies

  • Level in EHEA Qualifications Framework: second cycle
  • Level in EQF: level 7
  • Credit range: minimum 60 ECTS
  • Competence descriptors:
    • general competences at an advanced level such as the ability to reason and act in an academic manner, the ability to handle complex problems, the ability to reflect on one’s own thoughts and work, and the ability to convert this reflection into the development of more effective solutions, the ability to communicate one’s own research and solutions to professional colleagues and laymen, and the ability to develop an opinion in an uncertain context
    • general academic competences at an advanced level such as the ability to apply research methods and techniques, the ability to design research, the ability to apply paradigms in the domain of the sciences or the arts and the ability to indicate the limits of paradigms, originality and creativity regarding the continuously expanding body of knowledge and insight, and the ability to collaborate in a multi-disciplinary environment
    • advanced understanding and insight in scientific, discipline- specific knowledge inherent to a certain domain of the sciences or the arts, insight in the most recent knowledge in the subject/discipline or parts of it, the ability to follow and interpret the direction in which theory formation is developing, the ability to make an original contribution towards the body of knowledge of one or several parts of the subject/discipline, and display specific competences characteristic for the subject/discipline such as designing, researching, analysing and diagnosing
    • the competences needed for either independent research or the independent practice of the arts at the level of a newly-qualified researcher (in the arts), or the general and specific professional competences needed for independent application of academic or artistic knowledge at the level of a newly-qualified professional
  • General admission requirements:
    • A master’s degree, with a qualification or qualifications specified in more detail by the management of the institution, possibly supplemented with an assessment concerning the fitness or capacity of the individual, or with a preparatory programme

PhD degree

Doctorate programme

  • Level in EHEA Qualifications Framework: third cycle
  • Level in EQF: level 8
  • Credit range: no credit range specified (+/- 4 years)
  • Competence descriptors:
    • to systematically understand a discipline and master the skills and methods of research in that field;
    • to design, develop, implement and adapt an extensive research process with the integrity appropriate for a researcher;
    • to contribute to pushing the boundaries of knowledge through original and extensive research (work), of which a part merits national or international refereed publication;
    • to critically analyse, evaluate and synthesise new and complex ideas;
    • to communicate with colleagues and the wider national and international scientific community and society as a whole on the area on which one is an expert;
    • to provide an innovative contribution in the academic and professional context, leading to technological, social or cultural advancement in a knowledge society.

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