CTI - Engineering Degree Commission

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Country: France
Name in English: CTI - Engineering Degree Commission
National name: CTI - Commission des Titres d'Ingénieurs


Agency's position within the national higher education system

Description of the agency

CTI, “Commission des Titres d’ingénieur”, is a non profit accreditation body created by the French government in 1934. CTI has three main missions:

  1. The accreditation of all French engineering programmes(“Diplôme d’ingénieur”). Upon CTI's accreditation, institutions are authorized by the French government to grant official engineering degrees.
  2. On their request, the evaluation and accreditation of engineering programmes abroad.
  3. The formulation of opinions on all issues related to engineering degrees. It helps to continually improve engineering degree programmes and to integrate them at European and international level

The history of the agency

CTI was created in 1934 at the same time than private engineering schools in France. At this time, only new private engineering programmes needed to be accredited. There was not yet a periodic accreditation mechanism in place for existing programmes. In July 1984, accreditation for new public engineering programmes was introduced in France by the Savary’s law. From 1997, all French engineering programmes are periodically accredited every six years by CTI.


Other quality assurance agencies authorised to operate in the country

In April 2006, another organism in the field of evaluation of higher education was created in France: The French Agency for the Evaluation of Research and Higher Education (AERES). The agency is divided into three sections that evaluate the following, respectively: establishments (section I), research (section II) and training programmes (section III).

Legal framework

CTI's creation, mission and responsibilities were established by the laws of 10 July 1934 and 26 January 1984, included in the French Education Code, and their application decrees.

Independence

CTI's independence is based on the following main elements:

  • Its mixed compossition (50% of members coming from industry and 50% coming from academia)
  • Its diversified funding (see below)
  • Its independence in fixing its references and guidelines (CTI establishes its references through working groups which work in all independence; there are no laws concerning content of engineering education)
  • Its operational independence (CTI is free to chose and hire its own staff and to define its operational procedures)

CTI has defined rules to assure all experts and CTI members participating in a mission are independent of the institution accredited.

Funding

CTI's funding is coming from a variety of sources:

  • Higher Education institutions (approx 40%)
  • Ministry of Higher Education (approx 45%)
  • Other sources- international accreditation (approx 15%)

Quality assurance procedures

Main procedures

CTI’s mission is the accreditation of engineering programmes in France. CTI also accredits engineering programmes abroad upon demand. The objective of CTI’s accreditation is twofold:

  1. To guarantee that engineering degrees are delivered according to appropriate quality standards
  2. To ensure that the final competence profile of engineering graduates enables entry to the engineering profession.

In order to fulfill its mission, CTI has established a general engineering graduate profile and minimum quality standards that all engineering degrees should fulfill.

Consequences of quality assurance and accreditation decisions

  • In France:
    Public schools are institutionally accredited by the concerned minister(s) upon reception of CTI's opinion. Private schools are institutionally accredited by the concerned minister(s) upon reception of CTI's decision (in this case, the ministry cannot go against CTI's accreditation decision).
  • Outside France:
    The resulting opinion on accreditation may, upon the concerned governments' request, result in "State admission" of these degrees.

Validity of the decisions

Maximum duration: 6 years

Publication policy

CTI's publishes the following documents in its web site:

  • An accreditation statement of 2-3 pages containing the accreditation decision and a brief description of the institution and programme accredited, the main weak and strong points.
  • The minutes of all plenary assembly meetings.

Appeal System

It is necessary to distinguish the case of private institutions from that of public institutions:

  • For private institutions, appeals against CTI’s decisions can be brought before the High Council of Education (CSE) (Article L 231-6 of the Education Code.
  • For public institutions, the final decision-making body for accreditation is the corresponding supervisory ministry (Ministry of higher education or other technical Ministers). Accreditation decisions in this case can be appealed according to the usual public sector procedures currently in force in France.

Figures on Quality Assurance / Accreditation Procedures

Figures per year: Programmes assessed: 200 Audits visits: 70 Programmes obtaining full accreditation: 60% Programmes obtaining partial accreditation:35% Programmes obtaining no-accreditation: 0%

International activities

Member of international quality assurance networks/organisations

  • Founding member of ENQA
  • Founding member of ENAEE
  • Founding member of ECA
  • Member of INQAAHE since 2010

External reviews, compliance with ESG

Accreditation procedures in another jurisdiction

CTI is currently active in several countries (Belgium, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Italy, China, Morocco, Switzerland, Spain, Vietnam).

CTI’s accreditation standards are the result of the experience gained since CTI’s creation in 1934. These standards have proved to be a powerful tool for guiding the development and improvement of engineering programmes at the master level; at the same time, they provide a flexible framework within which HEIs of very different nature can develop their own strategies and innovations.

CTI’s accreditation is recognized both at the national and European level.

Recognition of foreign qualifications

Upon demand, CTI can accredit engineering programmes abroad. Upon CTI's decision, the french ministry of education can recognize these programmes and include them in the official list of accredited programmes.

Agreements concerning mutual recognition of accreditation

CTI has currently established Mutual Recognition Agreements with NVAO and OAQ.